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||The cob morphology, biochemistry, and productivity of some corn (Zea mays L.) genotypes in the pedoclimatic conditions of Arad Plain (West Romania)
||Ungureanu O. C., Stana I. O., Ungureanu E., Bota V. B., Turcuș V.
||1„Vasile Goldiș” Western University of Arad, Faculty of Medicine, Biology Department
2„Ion Ionescu de la Brad” University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine from Iași
3„Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Doctoral School of Biology
4National Institute for Economic Research “Costin C. Kiritescu” of the Romanian Academy/ Centre for Mountain Economy (CE-MONT)
||This study follows the behavior of some corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids recommended by the experts in the field, in Arad area, with the purpose of finding the best solutions to improve these crops. The monofactorial trials included 6 corn hybrids, and was done in 4 replications, and respected appropriate culture technologies. Experimental variants used are: V1 – Dekalb (DKC) 4351; V2 – Dekalb (DKC) 4541; V3 – Dekalb (DKC) 4943; V4 – Kamparis (KWS); V5 – Kashmir (KWS), and V6 – Karpatis (KWS). The check variant is represented by the average values of the 6 studied hybrids. Evaluated criteria are plant size, weight of 1000 grains, number of grain rows on one cob, number of grains on a cob, seed production, grain’s content of proteins, fats, and starch, in percentage. Crișurilor Plains can be recommended for the successful cultivation of the Kashmir and Karpatis hybrinds, that showed the best results, with high yields and economic efficiency, followed by Delkalb (DKC) 4943, Delkab (DKC) 4541, Kamparis and Dekalb (DKC) 4351. Dekalb (DKC) 4943 and Kashmir variants also showed high starch content, making them valuable prime materials for the industrial sector.
||Zea mays, corn hybrids, cob morphology, yield, Arad area
||Ungureanu Ovidiu Costica, Vasile Goldis Western University, Faculty of Medicine, Biology Departament, Str. Liviu
Rebreanu, No 91-93, Arad, Romania, e-mail: email@example.com