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||Chemical composition of the essential oil extracted from Algerian populations of Juniperus sabina L.
||Farhi B., Bouadam S., Bekdouche F., Krouchi F., Derridj A.
||1Laboratoire d’Ecologie et Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria
2Laboratoire de Biochimie Appliquée, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria
3 Département d’Ecologie et Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université de Batna2, Algeria
4Laboratoire de Production, Amélioration et Protection des Végétaux et des Denrées Alimentaires, Faculté des Sciences Biologiques et des Sciences Agronomiques, Université Mouloud Mammeri, BP 17 15000 Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria
||Quantitative and qualitative analysis by GC-MS of the essential oil extracted from male and female foliages of Juniperus sabina from Algeria were been carried out. The yields of essential oils reached 0.86% for male and 0.65% for female. Fifty compounds were revealed and used in the oil characterization. The main compounds in oil of female foliage were sabinene, γ-terpinene, δ- 2-carene, and terpinene-4-ol. In addition, eight compounds were revealed in female plants only. On the other hand, sabinene and trans-sabinyl acetate were identified as the major constituents, and seven compounds were detected exclusively in the oil of male individuals. The oils of Algerian populations of Juniperus sabina revealed a chemical composition which is closer to the Iberians populations comparatively to those of central Europe and Asia. Two components i.e. safrole and methyl eugenol were detected in essential oil of Algerian and also reported by litterature data on Iberian populations.
||Juniperus sabina, chemical variability, GC-MS
||Baya Farhi, Laboratoire d’Ecologie et Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria. Tél 00213 775216945; 00213 775353757, e-mail: email@example.com